project tor browser гидра

видео не воспроизводится в браузере тор hydra2web

Tor Browser Тор браузер — приложение, обеспечивающее анонимность в сети. Браузер избавляет пользователя от слежки и надежно защищает личные данные от доступа к ним посторонних лиц, позволяет обходить установленные провайдером ограничения и посещать запрещенные ресурсы. Пригоден для установки на любые и битные версии Windows. Tor представляет собой систему, разработанную в рамках TorProject, которая обеспечивает анонимность в сети путем перенаправления трафика через сеть серверов, разбросанных по всему миру.

Project tor browser гидра tor browser language change hyrda

Project tor browser гидра

Мошенники уверяют, что их версия браузера Tor модифицирована особым образом, чтобы предоставлять доступ к торговой площадке The Rodeo. Разумеется, эти заявления едва соответствуют действительности. На самом деле Rodeo Browser лишь копирует внешний вид и интерфейс Tor Browser, но не имеет с оригиналом ничего общего.

Можно сказать, что написанная на. NET подделка вообще не работает: на какие бы кнопки ни нажимал пользователь, в результате он увидит лишь ошибку, как на приведенном скриншоте. Единственная доступная и работающая функция — это выпадающее меню, якобы предоставляющее доступ к различным разделам даркнет-маркета The Rodeo.

Если пользователь выбирает одну из секций, приложение делает вид, что устанавливает соединение с th3rod3ojtxy. На деле Rodeo Browser вообще не использует Tor. Единственная задача программы — соединиться с удаленным FTP-сервером злоумышленников, с которого она и получает весь контент. Торговая площадка The Rodeo тоже представляет собой одну большую фальшивку. FTP-сервер расположен по адресу th3rod Исследователи пишут, что все товары, представленные на The Rodeo, скорее всего, тоже лишь фальшивка.

Ресурс скрупулезно имитирует настоящий торговый сайт даркнета, то есть требует, чтобы пользователь прошел регистрацию и авторизовался, а после позволяет просматривать товары, профили продавцов, размещать и оплачивать заказы, но жертвы мошенников вряд ли когда-нибудь получат оплаченные товары.

На FTP-сервере мошенников исследователи нашли немало интересного. К примеру, там обнаружился список всех зарегистрировавшихся на The Rodeo пользователей. Таковых насчитывается человек. Каждому пользователю на сервере отведена личная директория, где в виде обычного текста хранятся пароль, личные сообщения и другая конфиденциальная информация.

Исследователи обнаружили три таких кошелька, и, судя по всему, как минимум три человека уже поверили злоумышленникам и произвели оплату. Ресурс Black-Market Archives предлагает полтора терабайта данных для исследований. Здесь собраны данные с 83 различных порталов, 40 форумов и ряда других ресурсов, за период с по год, а это более 44 млн файлов.

Исследователи из Гарварда написали для работы с этим массивом данных Bash и Python скрипты и проанализировали только изображения, содержащиеся в архиве. Суммарно было просканировано 7 фотографии, и после из них были отсеяны, так как являлись дубликатами.

Исследователи обнаружили, что 2 изображения содержат метаданные, в том числе, информацию о том, где именно было сделано фото. Затем студенты еще раз очистили выборку от дублей и изображений, чьи метаданные содержали лишь информацию о фотокамере и другие маловажные факты. В итоге осталось уникальных изображений, из которых преступники забыли удалить действительно важные данные. Как выяснилось, фотографии, содержащие фактические GPS-координаты, были опубликованы их авторами неоднократно, на самых разных торговых площадках и форумах, поэтому процент дубликатов и был так велик.

Во многих странах мира даже просто скачать Tor Browser — это уже большая проблема. Правительства блокируют доступ к сайту torproject. Разработчики Tor Project осведомлены об этой проблеме и стараются облегчить жизнь пользователям, насколько это возможно. Скачать сборку Tor Browser в наши дни можно отнюдь не только с официального сайта.

Около года назад команда Tor Project создала специальный сервис GetTor, который предлагает пользователям различные альтернативные варианты скачивания Tor Browser. GetTor может пригодиться как в случае блокировки официального сайта проекта, так и в ситуации, когда скачивание браузера по какой-то причине нужно скрыть от посторонних глаз.

Нужно отправить запрос на адрес gettor torproject. В данный момент поддерживаются четыре локализации: английская en , фарси fa , китайская zh и турецкая tr. Все три упомянутых способа можно использовать для скачивания приложения Orbot для Android. Эта программа предоставляет прокси для работы мобильных приложений через Tor.

Если отправить сообщение с этим словом на указанный email, XMPP или в Twitter, в ответ робот пришлет список актуальных зеркал проекта. Форумы педофилов Еще в Tor-cети сидит очень много людей, которые испытывают сексуальное влечение к детям.

Сайты экстремистских организаций. Анонимен ли Tor В даркнете есть очень много учебников по обеспечению сетевой анонимности. Вот некоторый список домен onion : hydraruzxpnew4af - лучшая торговая площадка Hydra. Tor Даркнет Длиннопост. Найдены возможные дубликаты. Все комментарии Автора. Мне показалось, или это втупую, выборка именно самых грязных ссылок из DeepWeb? Чёт я не пойму. Ну, вычислили в Швеции покупателей и что они с ними могут сделать? Типа, для уголовного дела нужен сам наркотик, как предмет преступления.

Наркотик употребляется быстро, уж точно не лежит и не ждёт полицию, которая там по айпи что-то вычисляет Если автор подразумевал бритоголовых нациков, то следовало так и указать их или хотя бы бонхеды написать. Если я не выношу это все за пределы своего дома, то кому какое дело? Ну представь, что под тобой живёт мужик, которых дома хранит наркоту и взрывчатку.

Любит бухать, нюхать и взрывать петарды. Нормально тебе будет? Ёбнет петарду и вместе с ней полподъезда. Сразу ты впредь будешь против. Почему не можешь хранить педофилию и экстремистские материалы? Да, чувак, не рекламь гидру, там же рил наркотой торгуют. Стоит ли ознакомиться с его содержанием, чтобы знать врага в лицо? Или потом спать невозможно будет? Думаю что примерно то и было.

Государство еще не засунуло свою руку и творили что хотели. А в чём прикол так делать? Симки же пеленгуются спецсредствами вплоть до конкретной квартиры. Ты взял во внимание первую половину сообщения и упустил вторую. Не в восточном, а в западном. Ваш комментарий содержит ссылку, запрещенную на портале, за что и удален. Первый пост не содержит ссылок или названий "магазинов", воторой удален.

Спасибо за сообщение. В ветке комментариев есть призыв модератора, 22 часа назад. Как объясните? Товарищ, я был в тех краях. Нефть там действительно есть, и её много. Это, пожалуй, основной доход для области и огромное количество рабочих мест для населения. Жанаозен - это небольшой городок, что рядом с Актау - областным центром километров друг от друга.

После распада СССР Актау стал центром разработки нефтегазовых месторождений по всей области, открытых ещё в ХХ веке, а так же многих новых. Что касается скриншота статьи о забастовке - это был весьма неприятный период с большим количеством погибших и раненых; Жанаозен хоть и не очень опрятный городишко, но после этих событий местами он совсем превратился в Фоллаут.

Там велась не совсем честная "игра" между бастующими и вооруженными силами. Поэтому эти события стараются не освещать. И да, всё же правильно тебе подсказывают - Гуглом пользоваться можно и без Тора. В аптеках тоже, просто вы об этом не в курсе. Что теперь, аптеки запрещать? Вы так скоро допиздитесь и в интернете и информацию об образовании выпилят. Похожие посты. Tor Даркнет Статистика Российские пользователи Россия. Студенты создали софт для изучения фотографий, хранящихся проектом Black-Market Archives, который содержит копии данных, опубликованных на различных подпольных торговых площадках даркнета.

Оказалось, что торгующие нелегальным товаром продавцы на удивление халатно относятся к собственной безопасности. Также исследователи заметили интересную особенность, связанную с подпольной торговой площадкой Agora. Между январем и мартом года на сайте было опубликовано неуникальных фотографии, чьи метаданные содержали информацию о месте съемки. Но после 18 марта года на Agora не появилось ни одного такого фото. Исследователи пишут, что в большинстве случаев вина лежит как на самих продавцах, которые проявляют забывчивость, так и на администрации торговых площадок.

Так, социальная сеть всегда скрывает EXIF-данные от глаз пользователей, хотя и оставляет их в собственной базе для дальнейшего анализа. Ранее сервис использовал для распространения браузера только хранилища Dropbox и Google Drive, а теперь их список пополнился специальным репозиторием GitHub. Скачать Tor Browser в настоящее время можно тремя альтернативными способами. По почте Нужно отправить запрос на адрес gettor torproject. Бонус: Зеркала и приложение для Android Все три упомянутых способа можно использовать для скачивания приложения Orbot для Android.

Похожие посты закончились. Работает без javascript. WayAway — Топовый форум. Самый старый драг-форум клирнета, переехал в тор. Много полезной информации. Достаточно ламповое место. Free Market — Спектр услуг : фальшивые деньги, покупка гражданства, кредиты, документы, схемы заработка, а так же продажа авто и технике Apple.

Анонимный ресурс с шифрование и встроенным чатом. Открыть магазин можно бесплатно. Psy Community UA — украинская торговая площадка в виде форума, наблюдается активность. Требуется регистрация, форум простенький, не нагруженный и более-менее удобный. Medusa — Самая анонимная и безопасная площадка даркнета. Площадка позволяет монетизировать основной ценностный актив XXI века — значимую достоверную информацию. Мы выступаем за свободу слова.

Простая система заказа и обмен моментальными сообщениями с Админами после моментальной регистрации без подтверждения данных. Matanga — начинающая торговая площадка, автомагазин, товаров маловато. Имеет связь со SpiceForum. Полноценно работает без JS. Почти никого нет.

Solaris — Автомагазины с общим каталогом. Проект Занзи. Почти безлюдно. DarkCon — Форум при Солярисе. Dream Market — европейская площадка по продаже наркотиков, медикаментов, документов. Рейтинг продавца а-ля Ebay. Английский язык. The Majestic Garden — зарубежная торговая площадка в виде форума, открытая регистрация, много всяких плюшек в виде multisig, 2FA, существует уже пару лет. Under Market — Торговая площадка.

TradeRoute — Зарубежная торговая площадка, открытая регистрация, есть форум. Astaroth — Итальянский даркнет форум. После захвата копами IDC, все переползли сюда. Blockchain — пожалуй единственный онлайн bitcoin-кошелек, которому можно было бы доверить свои монетки. Является зеркалом сайта blockchain. Guarantor — Анонимный гарант сервис для сделок в даркнете.

Существует с года. Позволяет совершать сделки контролирую весь процесс самостоятельно, другими словами вы сами отправляете битки исполнителю. Bitcoin Fog — микс-сервис для очистки биткоинов, наиболее старый и проверенный, хотя кое-где попадаются отзывы, что это скам и очищенные биткоины так и не при приходят их владельцам.

Пользуйтесь на свой страх и риск. Bitcoin Blender — очередной биткоин-миксер, который перетасует ваши битки и никто не узнает, кто же отправил их вам. Ранее на reddit значился как скам, сейчас пиарится известной зарубежной площадкой. Konvert — биткоин обменник. При обмене киви на битки требует подтверждение номера телефона вам позвонит робот , а это не секурно!

MixerMoney — bitcoin миксер 2. Требует включенный JavaScript. Комиссии от 0. При каждой операции создает подписанный цифровой подписью ресурса договор. Mixing code позволяет не использовать ваши монеты при повторном использовании. Работает без JavaScript. Проверен администрацией. ChipMixer — bitcoin миксер. Askoin — Удобный мониторинг биткоин обменников, более обменников РФ и Украины.

Годнотаба — открытый сервис мониторинга годноты в сети TOR. Автоматическое определение доступности сайтов. Можно добавлять свои или чужие onion-сайты, полностью анонимное обсуждение, без регистрации, javascript не нужен Подлодка — спутниковое телевидение, оборудование для приема и декодирование.

Скрытые сети и безопасность. Onelon — лента новостей плюс их обсуждение, а также чаны ветки для быстрого общения аля имаджборда двач и тд. Начинание анончика, пожелаем ему всяческой удачи. Скрытые Ответы — задавай вопрос, получай ответ от других анонов. Русское сообщество. Различные тематики, в основном про дипвеб. Годный сайтик для новичков, активность присутствует. Runion Срунион — ранее вполне нормальный форум, превратился в абсолютный отстойник с новой администрацией.

Крайне НЕ рекомендую иметь с ними какие-либо дела. Будьте предупреждены! Facebook — собственно зеркало фейсбука в этих наших скрытых сетях, социальная сеть. НС форум — Форум национал-социалистов и расистов. Без субкультуры, фетиша и мишуры. XMPP-сервер на том же домене. Анонимный чат с незнакомцем — сайт соединяет случайных посетителей в чат.

Ещё есть режим приватных чат-комнат, для входа надо переслать ссылку собеседникам. Keybase чат — Чат kyebase. Напоминает slack. Под соцсети diaspora в Tor — Полностью в tor под распределенной соцсети diaspora. Зеркало пода JoinDiaspora — Зеркало крупнейшего пода распределенной соцсети diaspora в сети tor.

Мы, хакеры, отказываемся принять такое его толкование и продолжаем подразумевать под ним смысл "кто-то, кто любит программировать и получает удовольствие от этого". WeRiseUp — социальная сеть от коллектива RiseUp, специализированная для работы общественных активистов; onion-зеркало. TorBox — безопасный и анонимный email сервис с транспортировкой писем только внутри TOR, без возможности соединения с клирнетом. Mail2Tor — анонимный email сервис, есть возможность пользоваться как их веб-клиентом, так и вашим собственным почтовым клиентом.

RiseUp Email Service — почтовый сервис от известного и авторитетного райзапа. Daniel Winzen — хороший e-mail сервис в зоне. Bitmessage Mail Gateway — сервис позволяет законнектить Bitmessage с электронной почтой, можно писать на емайлы или на битмесседж. ProtonMail — достаточно известный и секурный имейл-сервис, требует JavaScript, к сожалению.

O3mail — анонимный email сервис, известен, популярен, но имеет большой минус с виде обязательного JavaScript. ScryptMail — есть встроенная система PGP. Возможность создавать псевдонимы. Может слать письма как в TOR, так и в клирнет. Переполнена багами! TorGuerrillaMail — одноразовая почта, зеркало сайта guerrillamail. VFEmail — почтовый сервис, зеркало vfemail.

EludeMail — Бесплатная почта в Тor с предоставлением клирнетовского имени. TorXMPP — локальный onion jabber. Связь доступна только внутри сервера RuTor. Проект создан при поддержке форума RuTor. CryptoParty — еще один безопасный jabber сервер в торчике. XmppSpam — автоматизированная система по спаму в jabber. The Wall Street Jabber — Безопасный Jabber-сервер с защитой от спама сообщения поступают только от авторизованных.

Зеркало сайта brchan. Населен русскоязычным аноном после продажи сосача мэйлру. BeamStat — Статистика Bitmessage, список, кратковременный архив чанов анонимных немодерируемых форумов Bitmessage, отправка сообщений в чаны Bitmessage. Архив Хидденчана — архив сайта hiddenchan.

TOR BROWSER FLASH WINDOWS HYRDA ВХОД

Рейтинг продавца а-ля Ebay. Английский язык. The Majestic Garden — зарубежная торговая площадка в виде форума, открытая регистрация, много всяких плюшек в виде multisig, 2FA, существует уже пару лет. Under Market — Торговая площадка. TradeRoute — Зарубежная торговая площадка, открытая регистрация, есть форум.

Astaroth — Итальянский даркнет форум. После захвата копами IDC, все переползли сюда. Blockchain — пожалуй единственный онлайн bitcoin-кошелек, которому можно было бы доверить свои монетки. Является зеркалом сайта blockchain. Guarantor — Анонимный гарант сервис для сделок в даркнете.

Существует с года. Позволяет совершать сделки контролирую весь процесс самостоятельно, другими словами вы сами отправляете битки исполнителю. Bitcoin Fog — микс-сервис для очистки биткоинов, наиболее старый и проверенный, хотя кое-где попадаются отзывы, что это скам и очищенные биткоины так и не при приходят их владельцам. Пользуйтесь на свой страх и риск.

Bitcoin Blender — очередной биткоин-миксер, который перетасует ваши битки и никто не узнает, кто же отправил их вам. Ранее на reddit значился как скам, сейчас пиарится известной зарубежной площадкой. Konvert — биткоин обменник. При обмене киви на битки требует подтверждение номера телефона вам позвонит робот , а это не секурно! MixerMoney — bitcoin миксер 2. Требует включенный JavaScript.

Комиссии от 0. При каждой операции создает подписанный цифровой подписью ресурса договор. Mixing code позволяет не использовать ваши монеты при повторном использовании. Работает без JavaScript. Проверен администрацией. ChipMixer — bitcoin миксер. Askoin — Удобный мониторинг биткоин обменников, более обменников РФ и Украины. Годнотаба — открытый сервис мониторинга годноты в сети TOR. Автоматическое определение доступности сайтов. Можно добавлять свои или чужие onion-сайты, полностью анонимное обсуждение, без регистрации, javascript не нужен Подлодка — спутниковое телевидение, оборудование для приема и декодирование.

Скрытые сети и безопасность. Onelon — лента новостей плюс их обсуждение, а также чаны ветки для быстрого общения аля имаджборда двач и тд. Начинание анончика, пожелаем ему всяческой удачи. Скрытые Ответы — задавай вопрос, получай ответ от других анонов. Русское сообщество. Различные тематики, в основном про дипвеб. Годный сайтик для новичков, активность присутствует.

Runion Срунион — ранее вполне нормальный форум, превратился в абсолютный отстойник с новой администрацией. Крайне НЕ рекомендую иметь с ними какие-либо дела. Будьте предупреждены! Facebook — собственно зеркало фейсбука в этих наших скрытых сетях, социальная сеть. НС форум — Форум национал-социалистов и расистов. Без субкультуры, фетиша и мишуры. XMPP-сервер на том же домене. Анонимный чат с незнакомцем — сайт соединяет случайных посетителей в чат.

Ещё есть режим приватных чат-комнат, для входа надо переслать ссылку собеседникам. Keybase чат — Чат kyebase. Напоминает slack. Под соцсети diaspora в Tor — Полностью в tor под распределенной соцсети diaspora. Зеркало пода JoinDiaspora — Зеркало крупнейшего пода распределенной соцсети diaspora в сети tor. Мы, хакеры, отказываемся принять такое его толкование и продолжаем подразумевать под ним смысл "кто-то, кто любит программировать и получает удовольствие от этого".

WeRiseUp — социальная сеть от коллектива RiseUp, специализированная для работы общественных активистов; onion-зеркало. TorBox — безопасный и анонимный email сервис с транспортировкой писем только внутри TOR, без возможности соединения с клирнетом. Mail2Tor — анонимный email сервис, есть возможность пользоваться как их веб-клиентом, так и вашим собственным почтовым клиентом.

RiseUp Email Service — почтовый сервис от известного и авторитетного райзапа. Daniel Winzen — хороший e-mail сервис в зоне. Bitmessage Mail Gateway — сервис позволяет законнектить Bitmessage с электронной почтой, можно писать на емайлы или на битмесседж. ProtonMail — достаточно известный и секурный имейл-сервис, требует JavaScript, к сожалению.

O3mail — анонимный email сервис, известен, популярен, но имеет большой минус с виде обязательного JavaScript. ScryptMail — есть встроенная система PGP. Возможность создавать псевдонимы. Может слать письма как в TOR, так и в клирнет. Переполнена багами! TorGuerrillaMail — одноразовая почта, зеркало сайта guerrillamail.

VFEmail — почтовый сервис, зеркало vfemail. EludeMail — Бесплатная почта в Тor с предоставлением клирнетовского имени. TorXMPP — локальный onion jabber. Связь доступна только внутри сервера RuTor. Проект создан при поддержке форума RuTor.

CryptoParty — еще один безопасный jabber сервер в торчике. XmppSpam — автоматизированная система по спаму в jabber. The Wall Street Jabber — Безопасный Jabber-сервер с защитой от спама сообщения поступают только от авторизованных. Зеркало сайта brchan. Населен русскоязычным аноном после продажи сосача мэйлру. BeamStat — Статистика Bitmessage, список, кратковременный архив чанов анонимных немодерируемых форумов Bitmessage, отправка сообщений в чаны Bitmessage.

Архив Хидденчана — архив сайта hiddenchan. Сохраненные треды с сайтов 2ch. Зеркало arhivach. Erlach — Зеркало erlach. Tumbach — Зеркало tumba. Video — Аналог Youtube в даркнете, аналогов в даркнете не имеет, мощные сервера и отсутствие цензуры делает его уникальным ресурсом.

Там вы найдете информацию по безопасности в сети и в жизни, синтезы различных веществ и гроувинг. Pic2Tor — анонимный хостинг картинок. Sectum — хостинг для картинок, фоток и тд, есть возможность создавать альбомы для зареганых пользователей. Относительно стабилен.

Just upload stuff — прикольный файловый хостинг в TORе, автоудаление файла после его скачки кем-либо, есть возможность удалять метаданные, ограничение мб на файл. Felixxx — некий французский image hosting размером до 5 мб, в нагрузку еще и pastebin. Sluggers — картинко-хостинг до 5 мб, без ограничения по времени хранения. Matrix — хостинг картинок в торе, макс. GoDaddy — хостинг сервис с удобной админкой и покупка доменов.

Onion — Недорогой и секурный луковый хостинг, можно сразу купить onion домен. DarkHost — Хостинг для тех,кто решил перейти на темную сторону. Естьразные тарифы и кастомные домены onion. FileDrop — Файлдроппер. Уверяет, что всё энкриптит и не ведёт логи. CrypTor — одноразовые записки. Имеется возможность прикрепления файлов до 3 мб. Не работает без JavaScript. Сервис от Rutor. О торговой марке, авторских правах и условиях использования продукта третьими сторонами можно почитать здесь: FAQ.

Защитите себя. Защитите себя от трекеров, слежки и цензуры. Download for Windows Подпись. Download for OS X Подпись. Download for Linux Подпись. Download for Android. Другие языки и платформы Скачать свежую альфа-версию Скачать исходный код Tor. Новости о свежих версиях программы. Выберите "Tor запрещен в моей стране". Читайте ответы на другие популярные вопросы на Портале поддержки. За приватность и свободу в интернете Мы — некоммерческая организация. Скачать Tor Browser для Android.

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Download for OS X Signature. Download for Linux Signature. Download for Android. Read the latest release announcements. Select "Tor is censored in my country. We do not recommend installing additional add-ons or plugins into Tor Browser Plugins or addons may bypass Tor or compromise your privacy. Stand up for privacy and freedom online.

Donate Now. Get Tor Browser for Android. Are you an iOS user? We encourage you to try Onion Browser. Our mission: To advance human rights and freedoms by creating and deploying free and open source anonymity and privacy technologies, supporting their unrestricted availability and use, and furthering their scientific and popular understanding.

For example, if you have 50 GB to offer each way, you might set your RelayBandwidthRate to KBytes: this way your relay will always be useful for at least half of each day. Tor has partial support for IPv6 and we encourage every relay operator to enable IPv6 functionality in their torrc configuration files when IPv6 connectivity is available. For the time being Tor will require IPv4 addresses on relays, you can not run a Tor relay on a host with IPv6 addresses only. The parameters assigned in the AccountingMax and BandwidthRate apply to both client and relay functions of the Tor process.

Thus you may find that you are unable to browse as soon as your Tor goes into hibernation, signaled by this entry in the log:. The solution is to run two Tor processes - one relay and one client, each with its own config. One way to do this if you are starting from a working relay setup is as follows:.

Exonerator is a web service that can check if an IP address was a relay at a given time. We can also provide a signed letter if needed. Each Tor relay has an exit policy that specifies what sort of outbound connections are allowed or refused from that relay. The exit policies are propagated to Tor clients via the directory, so clients will automatically avoid picking exit relays that would refuse to exit to their intended destination.

This way each relay can decide the services, hosts, and networks it wants to allow connections to, based on abuse potential and its own situation. The default exit policy allows access to many popular services e. You can change your exit policy by editing your torrc file. If you want to avoid most if not all abuse potential, set it to "reject : ".

This setting means that your relay will be used for relaying traffic inside the Tor network, but not for connections to external websites or other services. If you do allow any exit connections, make sure name resolution works that is, your computer can resolve Internet addresses correctly.

Tor can handle relays with dynamic IP addresses just fine. Just leave the "Address" line in your torrc blank, and Tor will guess. The simplest example is an attacker who owns a small number of Tor relays. There are also some downsides to running a Tor relay. It is an open research question whether the benefits outweigh the risks.

A lot of that depends on the attacks you are most worried about. See portforward. If your relay is running on a internal net, you need to setup port forwarding. Forwarding TCP connections is system dependent but the firewalled-clients FAQ entry offers some examples on how to do this. You may have to change "eth0" if you have a different external interface the one connected to the Internet. BandwidthRate is the maximum long-term bandwidth allowed bytes per second.

For example, you might want to choose "BandwidthRate 10 MBytes" for 10 megabytes per second a fast connection , or "BandwidthRate KBytes" for kilobytes per second a decent cable connection. The minimum BandwidthRate setting is 75 kilobytes per second. BandwidthBurst is a pool of bytes used to fulfill requests during short periods of traffic above BandwidthRate but still keeps the average over a long period to BandwidthRate. For example, if you choose "BandwidthBurst KBytes" and also use that for your BandwidthRate, then you will never use more than kilobytes per second; but if you choose a higher BandwidthBurst like 5 MBytes , it will allow more bytes through until the pool is empty.

Otherwise, you could drop many packets during periods of maximum bandwidth usage - you may need to experiment with which values make your connection comfortable. Then set BandwidthBurst to the same as BandwidthRate. Linux-based Tor nodes have another option at their disposal: they can prioritize Tor traffic below other traffic on their machine, so that their own personal traffic is not impacted by Tor load. Additionally, there are hibernation options where you can tell Tor to only serve a certain amount of bandwidth per time period such as GB per month.

These are covered in the hibernation entry below. When browsing an Onion Service, Tor Browser displays different onion icons in the address bar indicating the security of the current webpage. An onion with a red slash means:. An onion with caution sign means:. A list of our Onion Services is available at onion.

Onion services allow people to browse but also to publish anonymously, including publishing anonymous websites. Onion services are also relied on for metadata-free chat and file sharing, safer interaction between journalists and their sources like with SecureDrop or OnionShare , safer software updates, and more secure ways to reach popular websites like Facebook.

These services use the special-use top level domain TLD. When accessing a website that uses an onion service, Tor Browser will show at the URL bar an icon of an onion displaying the state of your connection: secure and using an onion service. Websites that are only accessible over Tor are called "onions" and end in the TLD. You can access these websites by using Tor Browser. The addresses must be shared with you by the website host, as onions are not indexed in search engines in the typical way that vanilla websites are.

When you click on ". An authenticated onion service is an onion service that requires you to provide an authentication token in this case, a private key before accessing the service. You can get the access credentials from the onion service operator. Reach out to the operator and request access. Learn more about how to use onion authentication in Tor Browser. If you want to create an onion service with client authentication, please see the Client Authorization in the Community portal.

Vidalia is no longer maintained or supported. A large portion of the features Vidalia offered have now been integrated into Tor Browser itself. You can read all about that on our Trademark faq page. A list of all of our software projects can be found on our projects page.

We do take some safe measurements of how the network functions, which you can check out at Tor Metrics. We are so sorry, but you have been infected with malware. The Tor Project did not create this malware. But please consider that our software is used every day for a wide variety of purposes by human rights activists, journalists, domestic violence survivors, whistleblowers, law enforcement officers, and many others. Unfortunately, the protection that our software can provide to these groups of people can also be abused by criminals and malware authors.

The Tor Project does not support or condone the use of our software for malicious purposes. We do not recommend using Tor with BitTorrent. For further details, please see our blog post on the subject. Tor is funded by a number of different sponsors including US federal agencies, private foundations, and individual donors.

Check out a list of all our sponsors and a series of blog posts on our financial reports. We feel that talking openly about our sponsors and funding model is the best way to maintain trust with our community. We are always seeking more diversity in our funding sources, especially from foundations and individuals.

Tor is designed to defend human rights and privacy by preventing anyone from censoring things, even us. Thank you for your support! You can find more information about donating on our donor FAQ. Please see our community page for how to get involved! For sharing files over Tor, OnionShare is a good option. OnionShare is an open source tool for securely and anonymously sending and receiving files using Tor onion services.

It works by starting a web server directly on your computer and making it accessible as an unguessable Tor web address that others can load in Tor Browser to download files from you, or upload files to you. Many exit nodes are configured to block certain types of file sharing traffic, such as BitTorrent.

BitTorrent in particular is not anonymous over Tor. Right now the path length is hard-coded at 3 plus the number of nodes in your path that are sensitive. Also, using paths longer than 3 could harm anonymity, first because it makes denial of security attacks easier, and second because it could act as an identifier if only a small number of users have the same path length as you.

There is nothing the Tor developers can do to trace Tor users. Tor relies on the support of users and volunteers around the world to help us improve our software and resources, so your feedback is extremely valuable to us and to all Tor users. First, check if the bug is already known. We track all Tor Browser related issues at Tor Browser issue tracker. Issues related to our websites should be filed under the Web issue tracker. The more specific your subject line is e.

If none of these languages works for you, please write in any language you feel comfortable with, but keep in mind it will take us a bit longer to answer as we will need help with translation to understand it. You can always leave comments on the blog post related to the issue or feedback you want to report.

If there is not a blog post related to your issue, please contact us another way. We may not respond right away, but we do check the backlog and will get back to you when we can. For reporting issues or feedback using email lists, we recommend that you do so on the one that is related to what you would like to report. A complete directory of our mailing lists can be found here. For feedback or issues related to Tor Browser, Tor network or other projects developed by Tor: tor-talk.

For feedback or issues related to our websites: ux. For feedback or issues related to running a Tor relay: tor-relays. For feedback on content related to Tor Browser Manual or Support website: tor-community-team. If you want to encrypt your mail, you can get the GPG public key for the list by contacting tor-security-sendkey lists.

Here is the fingerprint:. The tor-project channel is where Tor people discuss and coordinate daily Tor work. It has fewer members than tor and is more focused on the work at hand. You are also welcome to join this channel. To access tor-project, your nickname nick must be registered and verified. Then, to complete the registration and ultimately gain access to the tor-project channel, your nickname must be verified.

Look for the word verify and log in there. It may appear that nothing has happened. Look at the top of the page, and there will be a column called Account. You can toggle back and forth between channels by clicking on the different channel names at the top left of the IRC window. If your nick is already being used, you will get a message from the system and you should choose another nick. After a few seconds, you will automatically enter tor, which is a chatroom with Tor developers, relay operators and other community members.

There are some random people in tor as well. You can ask questions in the empty bar at the bottom of the screen. People may be able to answer right away, or there may be a bit of a delay some people are listed on the channel but are away from their keyboards and record channel activities to read later. If you want to chat with someone specific, start your comment with their nick and they will typically receive a notification that someone is trying to contact them.

For this reason, and because many people end up preferring it anyway, you should also consider using an IRC client. Yes, deb. Note: The symbol refers to running the code as root. This means you should have access to a user account with system administration privileges, e.

In the past they have not been reliably updated. That means you could be missing stability and security fixes. Instead, please use Tor Debian repository. The Tor Project maintains its own Debian package repository. To enable all package managers using the libapt-pkg library to access metadata and packages available in sources accessible over https Hypertext Transfer Protocol Secure.

If you want to try experimental packages, add these in addition to the lines from above Note, use whatever is the current experimental version instead of 0. We provide a Debian package to help you keep our signing key current. It is recommended you use it.

Install it with the following commands:. Note: The symbol refers to be running the code as root. That means you should have access to a user account with system administration privileges, e. Criminals can already do bad things. They can steal cell phones, use them, and throw them in a ditch; they can crack into computers in Korea or Brazil and use them to launch abusive activities; they can use spyware, viruses, and other techniques to take control of literally millions of Windows machines around the world.

Tor aims to provide protection for ordinary people who want to follow the law. Only criminals have privacy right now, and we need to fix that. Criminals and other bad people have the motivation to learn how to get good anonymity, and many have the motivation to pay well to achieve it.

Being able to steal and reuse the identities of innocent victims identity theft makes it even easier. This is the worst of all possible worlds. So yes, criminals can use Tor, but they already have better options, and it seems unlikely that taking Tor away from the world will stop them from doing their bad things.

At the same time, Tor and other privacy measures can fight identity theft, physical crimes like stalking, and so on. Distributed denial of service DDoS attacks typically rely on having a group of thousands of computers all sending floods of traffic to a victim. So ordinary DDoS attacks are not possible over Tor.

So in general, attackers who control enough bandwidth to launch an effective DDoS attack can do it just fine without Tor. Spammers can use Tor to connect to open HTTP proxies and from there to SMTP servers ; to connect to badly written mail-sending CGI scripts; and to control their botnets — that is, to covertly communicate with armies of compromised computers that deliver the spam.

This is a shame, but notice that spammers are already doing great without Tor. Not much, in the grand scheme of things. Of course, like all privacy-oriented networks on the net, it attracts its share of jerks. Abuse complaints may come in a variety of forms. For example:. Some hosting providers are friendlier than others when it comes to Tor exits. For a listing see the good and bad ISPs wiki. For a complete set of template responses to different abuse complaint types, see the collection of templates.

You can also proactively reduce the amount of abuse you get by following these tips for running an exit node with minimal harassment and running a reduced exit policy. If you have a spare IP not used for other activities, you might consider running your Tor relay on it. A collection of templates for successfully responding to ISPs is collected here. Sometimes jerks make use of Tor to troll IRC channels. This abuse results in IP-specific temporary bans "klines" in IRC lingo , as the network operators try to keep the troll off of their network.

In reality, this is not the case — many such trolls routinely make use of the literally millions of open proxies and compromised computers around the Internet. The IRC networks are fighting a losing battle of trying to block all these nodes, and an entire cottage industry of blacklists and counter-trolls has sprung up based on this flawed security model not unlike the antivirus industry.

The Tor network is just a drop in the bucket here. On the other hand, from the viewpoint of IRC server operators, security is not an all-or-nothing thing. By responding quickly to trolls or any other social attack, it may be possible to make the attack scenario less attractive to the attacker. And most individual IP addresses do equate to individual humans, on any given IRC network at any given time.

The exceptions include NAT gateways which may be allocated access as special cases. But the real answer is to implement application-level auth systems, to let in well-behaving users and keep out badly-behaving users. This needs to be based on some property of the human such as a password they know , not some property of the way their packets are transported.

Of course, not all IRC networks are trying to ban Tor nodes. After all, quite a few people use Tor to IRC in privacy in order to carry on legitimate communications without tying them to their real-world identity. Each IRC network needs to decide for itself if blocking a few more of the millions of IPs that bad people can use is worth losing the contributions from the well-behaved Tor users. If you explain the problem, and they conclude that Tor ought to be blocked, you may want to consider moving to a network that is more open to free speech.

Maybe inviting them to tor on irc. Finally, if you become aware of an IRC network that seems to be blocking Tor, or a single Tor exit node, please put that information on The Tor IRC block tracker so that others can share. At least one IRC network consults that page to unblock exit nodes that have been blocked inadvertently. There are some situations where it makes sense to block anonymous users for an Internet service. But in many cases, there are easier solutions that can solve your problem while still allowing users to access your website securely.

For example, you might have certain areas of the site, or certain privileges like posting, available only to people who are registered. This way you can have multi-tiered access and not have to ban every aspect of your service. For example, the Freenode IRC network had a problem with a coordinated group of abusers joining channels and subtly taking over the conversation; but when they labeled all users coming from Tor nodes as "anonymous users," removing the ability of the abusers to blend in, the abusers moved back to using their open proxies and bot networks.

Second, consider that hundreds of thousands of people use Tor every day simply for good data hygiene — for example, to protect against data-gathering advertising companies while going about their normal activities. Some Tor users may be legitimately connecting to your service right now to carry on normal activities. You need to decide whether banning the Tor network is worth losing the contributions of these users, as well as potential future legitimate users. At this point, you should also ask yourself what you do about other services that aggregate many users behind a few IP addresses.

Tor is not so different from AOL in this respect. Lastly, please remember that Tor relays have individual exit policies. Many Tor relays do not allow exiting connections at all. Many of those that do allow some exit connections might already disallow connections to your service. When you go about banning nodes, you should parse the exit policies and only block the ones that allow these connections; and you should keep in mind that exit policies can change as well as the overall list of nodes in the network.

If you really want to do this, we provide a Tor exit relay list or a DNS-based list you can query. Some system administrators block ranges of IP addresses because of official policy or some abuse pattern, but some have also asked about allowing Tor exit relays because they want to permit access to their systems only using Tor.

These scripts are usable for allowlisting as well. Some fans have suggested that we redesign Tor to include a backdoor. There are two problems with this idea. First, it technically weakens the system too far. Having a central way to link users to their activities is a gaping hole for all sorts of attackers; and the policy mechanisms needed to ensure correct handling of this responsibility are enormous and unsolved. This ultimately means that it is the responsibility of site owners to protect themselves against compromise and security issues that can come from anywhere.

This is just part of signing up for the benefits of the Internet. You must be prepared to secure yourself against the bad elements, wherever they may come from. Tracking and increased surveillance are not the answer to preventing abuse. Traditional police techniques can still be very effective against Tor, such as investigating means, motive, and opportunity, interviewing suspects, writing style analysis, technical analysis of the content itself, sting operations, keyboard taps, and other physical investigations.

The Tor Project is also happy to work with everyone including law enforcement groups to train them how to use the Tor software to safely conduct investigations or anonymized activities online. The Tor Project does not host, control, nor have the ability to discover the owner or location of a. The name you see ending in. Onion services are designed to protect both the user and service provider from discovering who they are and where they are from.

The design of onion services means the owner and location of the. Traditional police techniques can still be very effective against them, such as interviewing suspects, writing style analysis, technical analysis of the content itself, sting operations, keyboard taps, and other physical investigations. We do not view links you report. We take abuse seriously.

Activists and law enforcement use Tor to investigate abuse and help support survivors. We work with them to help them understand how Tor can help their work. In some cases, technological mistakes are being made and we help to correct them. Our refusal to build backdoors and censorship into Tor is not because of a lack of concern. We refuse to weaken Tor because it would harm efforts to combat child abuse and human trafficking in the physical world, while removing safe spaces for victims online.

Meanwhile, criminals would still have access to botnets, stolen phones, hacked hosting accounts, the postal system, couriers, corrupt officials, and whatever technology emerges to trade content. They are early adopters of technology. In the face of this, it is dangerous for policymakers to assume that blocking and filtering is sufficient. We are more interested in helping efforts to halt and prevent child abuse than helping politicians score points with constituents by hiding it.

Finally, it is important to consider the world that children will encounter as adults when enacting policy in their name. Will they thank us if they are unable to voice their opinions safely as adults? What if they are trying to expose a failure of the state to protect other children? If you need to check if a certain IP address was acting as a Tor exit node at a certain date and time, you can use the ExoneraTor tool to query the historic Tor relay lists and get an answer. No, but we can see what fraction of directories reported them, and then we can extrapolate the total number in the network.

We put in the assumption that the average client makes 10 such requests per day. We simply divide directory requests by 10 and consider the result as the number of users. Another way of looking at it, is that we assume that each request represents a client that stays online for one tenth of a day, so 2 hours and 24 minutes.

Average number of concurrent users, estimated from data collected over a day. No, the relays that report these statistics aggregate requests by country of origin and over a period of 24 hours. The statistics we would need to gather for the number of users per hour would be too detailed and might put users at risk. Then we count those users as one. The directories resolve IP addresses to country codes and report these numbers in aggregate form.

This is one of the reasons why tor ships with a GeoIP database. Very few bridges report data on transports or IP versions yet, and by default we consider requests to use the default OR protocol and IPv4. Once more bridges report these data, the numbers will become more accurate. Relays and bridges report some of the data in hour intervals which may end at any time of the day. And after such an interval is over relays and bridges might take another 18 hours to report the data.

We cut off the last two days from the graphs, because we want to avoid that the last data point in a graph indicates a recent trend change which is in fact just an artifact of the algorithm. Please find the following tarball for more details:. We also use histories that only contain bytes written to answer directory requests, which is more precise than using general byte histories.

We wrote a 13 page long technical report explaining the reasons for retiring the old approach. We run an anomaly-based censorship-detection system that looks at estimated user numbers over a series of days and predicts the user number in the next days. If the actual number is higher or lower, this might indicate a possible censorship event or release of censorship.

For more details, see our technical report. Download Tor Browser to experience real private browsing without tracking, surveillance, or censorship. To advance human rights and freedoms by creating and deploying free and open source anonymity and privacy technologies, supporting their unrestricted availability and use, and furthering their scientific and popular understanding. Sign up. Trademark, copyright notices, and rules for use by third parties can be found in our FAQ. How can we help?

Get in Touch Chat with us live! Join us on IRC. Use Tor Browser and software specifically configured for Tor. Use HTTPS versions of websites Tor will encrypt your traffic to and within the Tor network, but the encryption of your traffic to the final destination website depends upon on that website. Edit this page - Suggest Feedback - Permalink.

Which platforms is Tor Browser available for? Our website is blocked by a censor. Can Tor Browser help users access our website? When I use Tor Browser, will anyone be able to tell which websites I visit? About Tor What is Tor? The name "Tor" can refer to several different components. Why is it called Tor? Does Tor remove personal information from the data my application sends? How is Tor different from other proxies? Can I distribute Tor?

What programs can I use with Tor? Is there a backdoor in Tor? There is absolutely no backdoor in Tor. For Windows users: If you run Windows, download Gpg4win and run its installer. After importing the key, you can save it to a file identifying it by its fingerprint here : gpg --output. Verifying the signature To verify the signature of the package you downloaded, you will need to download the corresponding ".

For Windows users: gpgv --keyring. Workaround using a public key If you encounter errors you cannot fix, feel free to download and use this public key instead. How do I install Tor Browser? How do I uninstall Tor Browser? How do I update Tor Browser? What are the most common issues with the latest stable version of Tor Browser? Are there any paid versions of Tor Browser?

You can report fake Tor Browsers on frontdesk torproject. How can I make Tor run faster? Is Tor Browser slower than other browsers? Can I set Tor Browser as my default browser? Can I use Tor with a browser besides Tor Browser? Is it safe to run Tor Browser and another browser at the same time? Does using Tor Browser protect other applications on my computer? Can I run multiple instances of Tor Browser? Why does my Tor Browser say something about Firefox not working?

Why is Tor Browser built from Firefox and not some other browser? How can I export and import bookmarks in Tor Browser? The desktop is usually a good spot, but any place that is easy to remember will work. Click the Save button.

The Export Bookmarks File window will close. Close the Library window. Click the Open button. The Import Bookmarks File window will close. If you wish to backup Choose Backup A new window opens and you have to choose the location to save the file. The file has a. If you wish to restore Choose Restore and then select the bookmark file you wish to restore. Click okay to the pop up box that appears and hurray, you just restored your backup bookmark. Import data from another browser Bookmarks can be transferred from Firefox to Tor Browser.

How do I view Tor Browser message log? What are grey bars on resized Tor Browser window? A website I am trying to reach is blocking access over Tor. Something like this might do the trick: "Hi! A website bank, email provider, etc. My antivirus or malware protection is blocking me from accessing Tor Browser. Next, exclude the following processes: For Windows firefox.

Why does Google show up in foreign languages? What search engine comes with Tor Browser and how does it protect my privacy? Why did my search engine switch to DuckDuckGo? Is there a way to change the IP address that Tor Browser assigns me for a particular site? New Identity This option is useful if you want to prevent your subsequent browser activity from being linkable to what you were doing before.

New Tor Circuit for this Site This option is useful if the exit relay you are using is unable to connect to the website you require, or is not loading it properly. Does running Tor Browser make me a relay? Why is the first IP address in my relay circuit always the same? Does Tor Browser use a different circuit for each website? What does that mean? Note the Library folder is hidden on newer versions of macOS. To navigate to this folder in Finder, select "Go to Folder Can I use Flash in Tor Browser?

Why does Tor Browser ship with JavaScript enabled? Tor Messenger Does Tor Project make an application for private chat? What happened to Orfox? How do I run Tor on Windows Phone? Can I run Tor on an iOS device? Who is the Guardian Project? Can I run Tor on an Android device? To use GetTor via email. To use GetTor via Twitter. Connecting To Tor "Proxy server is refusing connection" error Proxy server errors can occur for a variety of reasons. You may try one or more of the following activities, in case you encounter this error: If you have an antivirus, it may be interfering with the Tor service.

Disable the antivirus and restart the browser. You should not have moved the Tor Browser folder from its original location to a different location. If you did this, revert the change. You should also check the port that you are connecting with. Try a different port from the one currently in use, such as or When all else fails, reinstall the browser.

This time, make sure to install Tor Browser in a new directory, not over a previously installed browser. I cannot reach X. Discarding this circuit. Please try connecting with bridges, and that should fix the problem. Common log error 3: Failed to complete TLS handshake Common log error 4: Clock skew Tor requires an accurate clock to work: please check your time, timezone, and date settings.

Censorship What is a bridge? Bridge relays are Tor relays that are not listed in the public Tor directory. How do I download Tor Browser if the torproject. The button will turn green to indicate that Tor is on. When both buttons are green, you see the data that is visible to observers when you are using both tools. Operators My relay is picking the wrong IP address. Why do I get portscanned more often when I run a Tor relay? What type of relays are most needed?

The exit relay is the most needed relay type but it also comes with the highest legal exposure and risk and you should NOT run them from your home. If you are looking to run a relay with minimal effort, fast guard relays are also very useful Followed by bridges. What is the BadExit flag?

How do I keep the same key? How do I decide if I should run a relay? Why does my relay write more bytes onto the network than it reads? But there are a few exceptions: If you open your DirPort, then Tor clients will ask you for a copy of the directory. Why is my Tor relay using so much memory? You can tell Tor to use this malloc implementation instead:.

If you update to OpenSSL 1. See the MaxAdvertisedBandwidth option in the man page. How stable does my relay need to be? The directories notice this quickly and stop advertising the relay. If you are uncomfortable allowing people to exit from your relay, you can set it up to only allow connections to other Tor relays. Your relay will passively estimate and advertise its recent bandwidth capacity, so high-bandwidth relays will attract more users than low-bandwidth ones.

Therefore, having low-bandwidth relays is useful too. Should I install Tor from my package manager, or build from source? Your ulimit -n gets set to high enough for Tor to keep open all the connections it needs. An init script is included so that Tor runs at boot. Tor runs with --verify-config , so that most problems with your config file get caught. Tor can bind to low level ports, then drop privileges. How should I configure the outgoing filters on my relay? Should I run an exit relay from home?

How do I run an obfs4 bridge? They are not reliably updated. If you use them, you will miss important stability and security fixes. How do I run an exit relay on Debian? How do I run a middle or guard relay on Debian?

How do offline ed identity keys work? What do I need to know? This is the most important one, so make sure you keep a backup in a secure place - the file is sensitive and should be protected. Tor could encrypt it for you if you generate it manually and enter a password when asked. The default validity is 30 days, but this can be customized by setting "SigningKeyLifetime N days weeks months" in torrc. My relay recently got the Guard flag and traffic dropped by half.

I want to run more than one Tor relay. How can I limit the total amount of bandwidth used by my Tor relay? For instance, to setup a total amount of bytes served for a week that resets every Wednesday at am , you would use: AccountingStart week 3 AccountingMax GBytes This specifies the maximum amount of data your relay will send during an accounting period, and the maximum amount of data your relay will receive during an account period.

Can I use IPv6 on my relay? Why can I not browse anymore after limiting bandwidth on my Tor relay? Thus you may find that you are unable to browse as soon as your Tor goes into hibernation, signaled by this entry in the log: Bandwidth soft limit reached; commencing hibernation.

No new connections will be accepted The solution is to run two Tor processes - one relay and one client, each with its own config. One way to do this if you are starting from a working relay setup is as follows: In the relay Tor torrc file, simply set the SocksPort to 0. Create a new client torrc file from the torrc.

One naming convention may be torrc. How do I prove that my server was a Tor relay at a given time? Can I run a Tor relay using a dynamic IP address? Do I get better anonymity if I run a relay? Yes, you do get better anonymity against some attacks. What bandwidth shaping options are available to Tor relays? There are two options you can add to your torrc file: BandwidthRate is the maximum long-term bandwidth allowed bytes per second.

Onion Services What do the different onion icons in the address bar mean? Does the Tor Project run any Onion Services? What is a. What are these websites, and how can I access them? What ". Can I use the Tor logo in my product? Does Tor Project offer email service or other privacy protecting web services? Does Tor keep logs? The files on my computer have been locked, and someone is demanding I download Tor Browser to pay a ransom for my files! Can I use Tor with BitTorrent?

Who funds Tor? How can I donate to Tor Project? How do I volunteer with Tor Project? How can I share files anonymously through Tor? OnionShare is developed by Micah Lee. Can I change the number of hops Tor uses? Does the Tor Project offer hosting? No, the Tor Project does not offer hosting services.

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Notice any improvements we could make to our translations? Open a ticket, reach out to us, or become part of our translators squad. Localization is how we reach a global community. Becoming a Tor translator Our localization efforts happen in the Localization Lab Hub on Transifex, a third-party translation platform. Current Status of Translations Not sure where to start? Pick a project How to find a project to contribute to. Report a problem with a translation Sometimes the translations of apps are not working correctly.

Can you help us improve our translations? Translators mailing list. Close Tor Browser before you edit your torrc , otherwise Tor Browser may erase your modifications. Some options will have no effect as Tor Browser overrides them with command line options when it starts Tor. Have a look at the sample torrc file for hints on common configurations.

For other configuration options you can use, see the Tor manual page. Flash is disabled in Tor Browser, and we recommend you to not enable it. Fortunately, most websites, devices, and other browsers are moving away from the use of Flash. Tor also recognizes the torrc options Socks4Proxy and Socks5Proxy.

We only support basic auth currently, but if you need NTLM authentication, you may find this post in the archives useful. If your proxies only allow you to connect to certain ports, look at the entry on Firewalled clients for how to restrict what ports your Tor will try to access. Most users would give up on Tor entirely if we disabled JavaScript by default because it would cause so many problems for them.

Ultimately, we want to make Tor Browser as secure as possible while also making it usable for the majority of people, so for now, that means leaving JavaScript enabled by default. This can be done by navigating the Security icon the small gray shield at the top-right of the screen , then clicking "Advanced Security Settings If you believe this is a Tor Browser issue, please report it on our bug tracker.

After eleven beta releases, we discontinued support of Tor Messenger. Do you? Contact us. It will be, soon. Learn how to add a repository to F-Droid. While both Tor Browser for Android and Orbot are great, they serve different purposes. Tor Browser for Android is like the desktop Tor Browser, but on your mobile device. It is a one stop browser that uses the Tor network and tries to be as anonymous as possible.

Orbot on the other hand is a proxy that will enable you to send the data from your other applications E-Mail clients, instant messaging apps, etc. That version, however, does not enable you to send other apps outside of the Tor Browser for Android through it. Depending on how you want to use the Tor network, either one or both of these could be a great option.

With the release of Tor Browser for Android Orfox has been retired. We recommend an iOS app called Onion Browser, which is open source, uses Tor routing, and is developed by someone who works closely with the Tor Project. However, Apple requires browsers on iOS to use something called Webkit, which prevents Onion Browser from having the same privacy protections as Tor Browser.

Learn more about Onion Browser. Download Onion Browser from the App Store. The Guardian Project maintains Orbot and other privacy applications on Android. Yes, there is a version of Tor Browser available specifically for Android.

The Guardian Project provides the app Orbot which can be used to route other apps on your Android device over the Tor network, however only Tor Browser for Android is needed to browse the web with Tor. GetTor is a service that automatically responds to messages with links to the latest version of Tor Browser, hosted at a variety of locations that are less likely to be censored, such as Dropbox, Google Drive, and GitHub.

For more geographically specific links visit Tor: Mirrors. Send an email to gettor torproject. Write your operating system such as Windows, macOS, or Linux in the body of the message and send. You may be offered a choice of "bit" or "bit" software: this depends on the model of the computer you are using; consult documentation about your computer to find out more.

GetTor via Twitter is currently under maintenance. Please use the email instead. To get links for downloading Tor Browser, send a message to gettor torproject. Proxy server errors can occur for a variety of reasons. You may try one or more of the following activities, in case you encounter this error:. If the error persists, please get in touch with us.

If you cannot reach the onion service you desire, make sure that you have entered the character or, the newest format, character onion address correctly: even a small mistake will stop Tor Browser from being able to reach the site. If you are still unable to connect to the onion service, please try again later. There may be a temporary connection issue, or the site operators may have allowed it to go offline without warning.

Then paste the Tor log into a text file or other document. If you see lines like these in your Tor log, it means your Tor failed to connect to the first node in the Tor circuit. If you see lines like this in your Tor log, it means that Tor failed to complete a TLS handshake with the directory authorities. Using bridges will likely fix this. If you see lines like this in your Tor log, it means your system clock is incorrect. Please make sure your clock is set accurately, including the correct timezone.

Then restart Tor. A bridge is just a normal relay with a slightly different configuration. See How do I run a bridge for instructions. Several countries, including China and Iran, have found ways to detect and block connections to Tor bridges. Obfsproxy bridges address this by adding another layer of obfuscation. Setting up an obfsproxy bridge requires an additional software package and additional configurations.

See our page on pluggable transports for more info. Tor prevents eavesdroppers from learning sites that you visit. However, information sent unencrypted over the internet using plain HTTP can still be intercepted by exit relay operators or anyone observing the traffic between your exit relay and your destination website. Tor guesses its IP address by asking the computer for its hostname, and then resolving that hostname. Also, if you have many addresses, you might also want to set "OutboundBindAddress" so external connections come from the IP you intend to present to the world.

If your relay is relatively new then give it time. Tor decides which relays it uses heuristically based on reports from Bandwidth Authorities. The lifecycle of a new relay is explained in more depth in this blog post. If you allow exit connections, some services that people connect to from your relay will connect back to collect more information about you.

For example, some IRC servers connect back to your identd port to record which user made the connection. Also, users exiting from you might attract the attention of other users on the IRC server, website, etc. Another reason is that groups who scan for open proxies on the Internet have learned that sometimes Tor relays expose their socks port to the world.

We recommend that you bind your socksport to local networks only. In any case, you need to keep up to date with your security. See this article on security for Tor relays for more suggestions. This tells Tor to avoid exiting through that relay. In effect, relays with this flag become non-exits. Please reach out to the bad-relays team so we can sort out the issue. Note: As of Tor 0.

Eventually they will replace the old RSA identities, but that will happen in time, to ensure compatibility with older versions. But there are a few exceptions:. If you open your DirPort, then Tor clients will ask you for a copy of the directory.

This probably accounts for most of the difference between your "write" byte count and your "read" byte count. Another minor exception shows up when you operate as an exit node, and you read a few bytes from an exit connection for example, an instant messaging or ssh connection and wrap it up into an entire byte cell for transport through the Tor network.

All of this said, fast Tor relays do use a lot of ram. It is not unusual for a fast exit relay to use MB of memory. All outgoing connections must be allowed, so that each relay can communicate with every other relay. In many jurisdictions, Tor relay operators are legally protected by the same common carrier regulations that prevent internet service providers from being held liable for third-party content that passes through their network.

Exit relays that filter some traffic would likely forfeit those protections. Tor promotes free network access without interference. Exit relays must not filter the traffic that passes through them to the internet. Exit relays found to be filtering traffic will get the BadExit flag once detected. Instead, consider running your exit relay in a commercial facility that is supportive of Tor. Of course, you should avoid keeping any sensitive or personal information on the computer hosting your exit relay.

See our obfs4 setup guide to learn how to set up an obfs4 bridge. For the most in-depth resource on running a relay, see the Relay Setup Guide. If you want to use this feature, you can consult our more detailed guide on the topic. If you do decide to run more than one relay, please set the "MyFamily" config option in the torrc of each relay, listing all the relays comma-separated that are under your control:.

That way, Tor clients will know to avoid using more than one of your relays in a single circuit. The accounting options in the torrc file allow you to specify the maximum amount of bytes your relay uses for a time period. This specifies when the accounting should reset. For instance, to setup a total amount of bytes served for a week that resets every Wednesday at am , you would use:. This specifies the maximum amount of data your relay will send during an accounting period, and the maximum amount of data your relay will receive during an account period.

When the accounting period resets from AccountingStart , then the counters for AccountingMax are reset to 0. It will keep track of how quickly it used its quota in the last period, and choose a random point in the new interval to wake up. This way we avoid having hundreds of relays working at the beginning of each month but none still up by the end. Just divide your monthly amount by For example, if you have 50 GB to offer each way, you might set your RelayBandwidthRate to KBytes: this way your relay will always be useful for at least half of each day.

Tor has partial support for IPv6 and we encourage every relay operator to enable IPv6 functionality in their torrc configuration files when IPv6 connectivity is available. For the time being Tor will require IPv4 addresses on relays, you can not run a Tor relay on a host with IPv6 addresses only.

The parameters assigned in the AccountingMax and BandwidthRate apply to both client and relay functions of the Tor process. Thus you may find that you are unable to browse as soon as your Tor goes into hibernation, signaled by this entry in the log:. The solution is to run two Tor processes - one relay and one client, each with its own config. One way to do this if you are starting from a working relay setup is as follows:.

Exonerator is a web service that can check if an IP address was a relay at a given time. We can also provide a signed letter if needed. Each Tor relay has an exit policy that specifies what sort of outbound connections are allowed or refused from that relay. The exit policies are propagated to Tor clients via the directory, so clients will automatically avoid picking exit relays that would refuse to exit to their intended destination. This way each relay can decide the services, hosts, and networks it wants to allow connections to, based on abuse potential and its own situation.

The default exit policy allows access to many popular services e. You can change your exit policy by editing your torrc file. If you want to avoid most if not all abuse potential, set it to "reject : ". This setting means that your relay will be used for relaying traffic inside the Tor network, but not for connections to external websites or other services.

If you do allow any exit connections, make sure name resolution works that is, your computer can resolve Internet addresses correctly. Tor can handle relays with dynamic IP addresses just fine. Just leave the "Address" line in your torrc blank, and Tor will guess. The simplest example is an attacker who owns a small number of Tor relays.

There are also some downsides to running a Tor relay. It is an open research question whether the benefits outweigh the risks. A lot of that depends on the attacks you are most worried about. See portforward. If your relay is running on a internal net, you need to setup port forwarding. Forwarding TCP connections is system dependent but the firewalled-clients FAQ entry offers some examples on how to do this. You may have to change "eth0" if you have a different external interface the one connected to the Internet.

BandwidthRate is the maximum long-term bandwidth allowed bytes per second. For example, you might want to choose "BandwidthRate 10 MBytes" for 10 megabytes per second a fast connection , or "BandwidthRate KBytes" for kilobytes per second a decent cable connection. The minimum BandwidthRate setting is 75 kilobytes per second. BandwidthBurst is a pool of bytes used to fulfill requests during short periods of traffic above BandwidthRate but still keeps the average over a long period to BandwidthRate.

For example, if you choose "BandwidthBurst KBytes" and also use that for your BandwidthRate, then you will never use more than kilobytes per second; but if you choose a higher BandwidthBurst like 5 MBytes , it will allow more bytes through until the pool is empty.

Otherwise, you could drop many packets during periods of maximum bandwidth usage - you may need to experiment with which values make your connection comfortable. Then set BandwidthBurst to the same as BandwidthRate. Linux-based Tor nodes have another option at their disposal: they can prioritize Tor traffic below other traffic on their machine, so that their own personal traffic is not impacted by Tor load.

Additionally, there are hibernation options where you can tell Tor to only serve a certain amount of bandwidth per time period such as GB per month. These are covered in the hibernation entry below. When browsing an Onion Service, Tor Browser displays different onion icons in the address bar indicating the security of the current webpage. An onion with a red slash means:. An onion with caution sign means:.

A list of our Onion Services is available at onion. Onion services allow people to browse but also to publish anonymously, including publishing anonymous websites. Onion services are also relied on for metadata-free chat and file sharing, safer interaction between journalists and their sources like with SecureDrop or OnionShare , safer software updates, and more secure ways to reach popular websites like Facebook.

These services use the special-use top level domain TLD. When accessing a website that uses an onion service, Tor Browser will show at the URL bar an icon of an onion displaying the state of your connection: secure and using an onion service. Websites that are only accessible over Tor are called "onions" and end in the TLD. You can access these websites by using Tor Browser. The addresses must be shared with you by the website host, as onions are not indexed in search engines in the typical way that vanilla websites are.

When you click on ". An authenticated onion service is an onion service that requires you to provide an authentication token in this case, a private key before accessing the service. You can get the access credentials from the onion service operator. Reach out to the operator and request access. Learn more about how to use onion authentication in Tor Browser.

If you want to create an onion service with client authentication, please see the Client Authorization in the Community portal. Vidalia is no longer maintained or supported. A large portion of the features Vidalia offered have now been integrated into Tor Browser itself.

You can read all about that on our Trademark faq page. A list of all of our software projects can be found on our projects page. We do take some safe measurements of how the network functions, which you can check out at Tor Metrics.

We are so sorry, but you have been infected with malware. The Tor Project did not create this malware. But please consider that our software is used every day for a wide variety of purposes by human rights activists, journalists, domestic violence survivors, whistleblowers, law enforcement officers, and many others. Unfortunately, the protection that our software can provide to these groups of people can also be abused by criminals and malware authors.

The Tor Project does not support or condone the use of our software for malicious purposes. We do not recommend using Tor with BitTorrent. For further details, please see our blog post on the subject. Tor is funded by a number of different sponsors including US federal agencies, private foundations, and individual donors. Check out a list of all our sponsors and a series of blog posts on our financial reports. We feel that talking openly about our sponsors and funding model is the best way to maintain trust with our community.

We are always seeking more diversity in our funding sources, especially from foundations and individuals. Tor is designed to defend human rights and privacy by preventing anyone from censoring things, even us. Thank you for your support! You can find more information about donating on our donor FAQ. Please see our community page for how to get involved! For sharing files over Tor, OnionShare is a good option. OnionShare is an open source tool for securely and anonymously sending and receiving files using Tor onion services.

It works by starting a web server directly on your computer and making it accessible as an unguessable Tor web address that others can load in Tor Browser to download files from you, or upload files to you. Many exit nodes are configured to block certain types of file sharing traffic, such as BitTorrent.

BitTorrent in particular is not anonymous over Tor. Right now the path length is hard-coded at 3 plus the number of nodes in your path that are sensitive. Also, using paths longer than 3 could harm anonymity, first because it makes denial of security attacks easier, and second because it could act as an identifier if only a small number of users have the same path length as you.

There is nothing the Tor developers can do to trace Tor users. Tor relies on the support of users and volunteers around the world to help us improve our software and resources, so your feedback is extremely valuable to us and to all Tor users. First, check if the bug is already known. We track all Tor Browser related issues at Tor Browser issue tracker. Issues related to our websites should be filed under the Web issue tracker.

The more specific your subject line is e. If none of these languages works for you, please write in any language you feel comfortable with, but keep in mind it will take us a bit longer to answer as we will need help with translation to understand it.

You can always leave comments on the blog post related to the issue or feedback you want to report. If there is not a blog post related to your issue, please contact us another way. We may not respond right away, but we do check the backlog and will get back to you when we can. For reporting issues or feedback using email lists, we recommend that you do so on the one that is related to what you would like to report.

A complete directory of our mailing lists can be found here. For feedback or issues related to Tor Browser, Tor network or other projects developed by Tor: tor-talk. For feedback or issues related to our websites: ux. For feedback or issues related to running a Tor relay: tor-relays.

For feedback on content related to Tor Browser Manual or Support website: tor-community-team. If you want to encrypt your mail, you can get the GPG public key for the list by contacting tor-security-sendkey lists. Here is the fingerprint:. The tor-project channel is where Tor people discuss and coordinate daily Tor work. It has fewer members than tor and is more focused on the work at hand.

You are also welcome to join this channel. To access tor-project, your nickname nick must be registered and verified. Then, to complete the registration and ultimately gain access to the tor-project channel, your nickname must be verified.

Look for the word verify and log in there. It may appear that nothing has happened. Look at the top of the page, and there will be a column called Account. You can toggle back and forth between channels by clicking on the different channel names at the top left of the IRC window.

If your nick is already being used, you will get a message from the system and you should choose another nick. After a few seconds, you will automatically enter tor, which is a chatroom with Tor developers, relay operators and other community members. There are some random people in tor as well. You can ask questions in the empty bar at the bottom of the screen. People may be able to answer right away, or there may be a bit of a delay some people are listed on the channel but are away from their keyboards and record channel activities to read later.

If you want to chat with someone specific, start your comment with their nick and they will typically receive a notification that someone is trying to contact them. For this reason, and because many people end up preferring it anyway, you should also consider using an IRC client. Yes, deb.

Note: The symbol refers to running the code as root. This means you should have access to a user account with system administration privileges, e. In the past they have not been reliably updated. That means you could be missing stability and security fixes.

Instead, please use Tor Debian repository. The Tor Project maintains its own Debian package repository. To enable all package managers using the libapt-pkg library to access metadata and packages available in sources accessible over https Hypertext Transfer Protocol Secure. If you want to try experimental packages, add these in addition to the lines from above Note, use whatever is the current experimental version instead of 0.

We provide a Debian package to help you keep our signing key current. It is recommended you use it. Install it with the following commands:. Note: The symbol refers to be running the code as root. That means you should have access to a user account with system administration privileges, e. Criminals can already do bad things. They can steal cell phones, use them, and throw them in a ditch; they can crack into computers in Korea or Brazil and use them to launch abusive activities; they can use spyware, viruses, and other techniques to take control of literally millions of Windows machines around the world.

Tor aims to provide protection for ordinary people who want to follow the law. Only criminals have privacy right now, and we need to fix that. Criminals and other bad people have the motivation to learn how to get good anonymity, and many have the motivation to pay well to achieve it. Being able to steal and reuse the identities of innocent victims identity theft makes it even easier. This is the worst of all possible worlds. So yes, criminals can use Tor, but they already have better options, and it seems unlikely that taking Tor away from the world will stop them from doing their bad things.

At the same time, Tor and other privacy measures can fight identity theft, physical crimes like stalking, and so on. Distributed denial of service DDoS attacks typically rely on having a group of thousands of computers all sending floods of traffic to a victim. So ordinary DDoS attacks are not possible over Tor. So in general, attackers who control enough bandwidth to launch an effective DDoS attack can do it just fine without Tor.

Spammers can use Tor to connect to open HTTP proxies and from there to SMTP servers ; to connect to badly written mail-sending CGI scripts; and to control their botnets — that is, to covertly communicate with armies of compromised computers that deliver the spam. This is a shame, but notice that spammers are already doing great without Tor.

Not much, in the grand scheme of things. Of course, like all privacy-oriented networks on the net, it attracts its share of jerks. Abuse complaints may come in a variety of forms. For example:. Some hosting providers are friendlier than others when it comes to Tor exits. For a listing see the good and bad ISPs wiki. For a complete set of template responses to different abuse complaint types, see the collection of templates.

You can also proactively reduce the amount of abuse you get by following these tips for running an exit node with minimal harassment and running a reduced exit policy. If you have a spare IP not used for other activities, you might consider running your Tor relay on it. A collection of templates for successfully responding to ISPs is collected here.

Sometimes jerks make use of Tor to troll IRC channels. This abuse results in IP-specific temporary bans "klines" in IRC lingo , as the network operators try to keep the troll off of their network. In reality, this is not the case — many such trolls routinely make use of the literally millions of open proxies and compromised computers around the Internet. The IRC networks are fighting a losing battle of trying to block all these nodes, and an entire cottage industry of blacklists and counter-trolls has sprung up based on this flawed security model not unlike the antivirus industry.

The Tor network is just a drop in the bucket here. On the other hand, from the viewpoint of IRC server operators, security is not an all-or-nothing thing. By responding quickly to trolls or any other social attack, it may be possible to make the attack scenario less attractive to the attacker. And most individual IP addresses do equate to individual humans, on any given IRC network at any given time. The exceptions include NAT gateways which may be allocated access as special cases.

But the real answer is to implement application-level auth systems, to let in well-behaving users and keep out badly-behaving users. This needs to be based on some property of the human such as a password they know , not some property of the way their packets are transported. Of course, not all IRC networks are trying to ban Tor nodes.

After all, quite a few people use Tor to IRC in privacy in order to carry on legitimate communications without tying them to their real-world identity. Each IRC network needs to decide for itself if blocking a few more of the millions of IPs that bad people can use is worth losing the contributions from the well-behaved Tor users. If you explain the problem, and they conclude that Tor ought to be blocked, you may want to consider moving to a network that is more open to free speech.

Maybe inviting them to tor on irc. Finally, if you become aware of an IRC network that seems to be blocking Tor, or a single Tor exit node, please put that information on The Tor IRC block tracker so that others can share. At least one IRC network consults that page to unblock exit nodes that have been blocked inadvertently.

There are some situations where it makes sense to block anonymous users for an Internet service. But in many cases, there are easier solutions that can solve your problem while still allowing users to access your website securely. For example, you might have certain areas of the site, or certain privileges like posting, available only to people who are registered. This way you can have multi-tiered access and not have to ban every aspect of your service.

For example, the Freenode IRC network had a problem with a coordinated group of abusers joining channels and subtly taking over the conversation; but when they labeled all users coming from Tor nodes as "anonymous users," removing the ability of the abusers to blend in, the abusers moved back to using their open proxies and bot networks. Second, consider that hundreds of thousands of people use Tor every day simply for good data hygiene — for example, to protect against data-gathering advertising companies while going about their normal activities.

Some Tor users may be legitimately connecting to your service right now to carry on normal activities. You need to decide whether banning the Tor network is worth losing the contributions of these users, as well as potential future legitimate users. At this point, you should also ask yourself what you do about other services that aggregate many users behind a few IP addresses. Tor is not so different from AOL in this respect.

Lastly, please remember that Tor relays have individual exit policies. Many Tor relays do not allow exiting connections at all. Many of those that do allow some exit connections might already disallow connections to your service. When you go about banning nodes, you should parse the exit policies and only block the ones that allow these connections; and you should keep in mind that exit policies can change as well as the overall list of nodes in the network.

If you really want to do this, we provide a Tor exit relay list or a DNS-based list you can query. Some system administrators block ranges of IP addresses because of official policy or some abuse pattern, but some have also asked about allowing Tor exit relays because they want to permit access to their systems only using Tor. These scripts are usable for allowlisting as well. Some fans have suggested that we redesign Tor to include a backdoor.

There are two problems with this idea. First, it technically weakens the system too far. Having a central way to link users to their activities is a gaping hole for all sorts of attackers; and the policy mechanisms needed to ensure correct handling of this responsibility are enormous and unsolved. This ultimately means that it is the responsibility of site owners to protect themselves against compromise and security issues that can come from anywhere.

This is just part of signing up for the benefits of the Internet. You must be prepared to secure yourself against the bad elements, wherever they may come from. Tracking and increased surveillance are not the answer to preventing abuse.

Traditional police techniques can still be very effective against Tor, such as investigating means, motive, and opportunity, interviewing suspects, writing style analysis, technical analysis of the content itself, sting operations, keyboard taps, and other physical investigations. The Tor Project is also happy to work with everyone including law enforcement groups to train them how to use the Tor software to safely conduct investigations or anonymized activities online.

The Tor Project does not host, control, nor have the ability to discover the owner or location of a. The name you see ending in. Onion services are designed to protect both the user and service provider from discovering who they are and where they are from. The design of onion services means the owner and location of the. Traditional police techniques can still be very effective against them, such as interviewing suspects, writing style analysis, technical analysis of the content itself, sting operations, keyboard taps, and other physical investigations.

We do not view links you report. We take abuse seriously. Activists and law enforcement use Tor to investigate abuse and help support survivors. We work with them to help them understand how Tor can help their work. In some cases, technological mistakes are being made and we help to correct them. Our refusal to build backdoors and censorship into Tor is not because of a lack of concern. We refuse to weaken Tor because it would harm efforts to combat child abuse and human trafficking in the physical world, while removing safe spaces for victims online.

Meanwhile, criminals would still have access to botnets, stolen phones, hacked hosting accounts, the postal system, couriers, corrupt officials, and whatever technology emerges to trade content. They are early adopters of technology. In the face of this, it is dangerous for policymakers to assume that blocking and filtering is sufficient.

We are more interested in helping efforts to halt and prevent child abuse than helping politicians score points with constituents by hiding it. Finally, it is important to consider the world that children will encounter as adults when enacting policy in their name. Will they thank us if they are unable to voice their opinions safely as adults?

What if they are trying to expose a failure of the state to protect other children? If you need to check if a certain IP address was acting as a Tor exit node at a certain date and time, you can use the ExoneraTor tool to query the historic Tor relay lists and get an answer. No, but we can see what fraction of directories reported them, and then we can extrapolate the total number in the network.

We put in the assumption that the average client makes 10 such requests per day. We simply divide directory requests by 10 and consider the result as the number of users. Another way of looking at it, is that we assume that each request represents a client that stays online for one tenth of a day, so 2 hours and 24 minutes.

Average number of concurrent users, estimated from data collected over a day. No, the relays that report these statistics aggregate requests by country of origin and over a period of 24 hours. The statistics we would need to gather for the number of users per hour would be too detailed and might put users at risk.

Then we count those users as one. The directories resolve IP addresses to country codes and report these numbers in aggregate form. This is one of the reasons why tor ships with a GeoIP database. Very few bridges report data on transports or IP versions yet, and by default we consider requests to use the default OR protocol and IPv4. Once more bridges report these data, the numbers will become more accurate. Relays and bridges report some of the data in hour intervals which may end at any time of the day.

And after such an interval is over relays and bridges might take another 18 hours to report the data. We cut off the last two days from the graphs, because we want to avoid that the last data point in a graph indicates a recent trend change which is in fact just an artifact of the algorithm. Please find the following tarball for more details:. We also use histories that only contain bytes written to answer directory requests, which is more precise than using general byte histories.

We wrote a 13 page long technical report explaining the reasons for retiring the old approach. We run an anomaly-based censorship-detection system that looks at estimated user numbers over a series of days and predicts the user number in the next days. If the actual number is higher or lower, this might indicate a possible censorship event or release of censorship.

For more details, see our technical report. Download Tor Browser to experience real private browsing without tracking, surveillance, or censorship. To advance human rights and freedoms by creating and deploying free and open source anonymity and privacy technologies, supporting their unrestricted availability and use, and furthering their scientific and popular understanding. Sign up. Trademark, copyright notices, and rules for use by third parties can be found in our FAQ.

How can we help? Get in Touch Chat with us live! Join us on IRC. Use Tor Browser and software specifically configured for Tor. Use HTTPS versions of websites Tor will encrypt your traffic to and within the Tor network, but the encryption of your traffic to the final destination website depends upon on that website. Edit this page - Suggest Feedback - Permalink. Which platforms is Tor Browser available for? Our website is blocked by a censor.

Can Tor Browser help users access our website? When I use Tor Browser, will anyone be able to tell which websites I visit? About Tor What is Tor? The name "Tor" can refer to several different components. Why is it called Tor? Does Tor remove personal information from the data my application sends? How is Tor different from other proxies? Can I distribute Tor? What programs can I use with Tor? Is there a backdoor in Tor? There is absolutely no backdoor in Tor.

For Windows users: If you run Windows, download Gpg4win and run its installer. After importing the key, you can save it to a file identifying it by its fingerprint here : gpg --output. Verifying the signature To verify the signature of the package you downloaded, you will need to download the corresponding ".

For Windows users: gpgv --keyring. Workaround using a public key If you encounter errors you cannot fix, feel free to download and use this public key instead. How do I install Tor Browser? How do I uninstall Tor Browser? How do I update Tor Browser?

What are the most common issues with the latest stable version of Tor Browser? Are there any paid versions of Tor Browser? You can report fake Tor Browsers on frontdesk torproject. How can I make Tor run faster? Is Tor Browser slower than other browsers? Can I set Tor Browser as my default browser? Can I use Tor with a browser besides Tor Browser?

Is it safe to run Tor Browser and another browser at the same time? Does using Tor Browser protect other applications on my computer? Can I run multiple instances of Tor Browser? Why does my Tor Browser say something about Firefox not working? Why is Tor Browser built from Firefox and not some other browser? How can I export and import bookmarks in Tor Browser? The desktop is usually a good spot, but any place that is easy to remember will work. Click the Save button. The Export Bookmarks File window will close.

Close the Library window. Click the Open button. The Import Bookmarks File window will close. If you wish to backup Choose Backup A new window opens and you have to choose the location to save the file.

The file has a. If you wish to restore Choose Restore and then select the bookmark file you wish to restore. Click okay to the pop up box that appears and hurray, you just restored your backup bookmark. Import data from another browser Bookmarks can be transferred from Firefox to Tor Browser. How do I view Tor Browser message log? What are grey bars on resized Tor Browser window? A website I am trying to reach is blocking access over Tor. Something like this might do the trick: "Hi!

A website bank, email provider, etc. My antivirus or malware protection is blocking me from accessing Tor Browser. Next, exclude the following processes: For Windows firefox. Why does Google show up in foreign languages? What search engine comes with Tor Browser and how does it protect my privacy? Why did my search engine switch to DuckDuckGo?

Is there a way to change the IP address that Tor Browser assigns me for a particular site? New Identity This option is useful if you want to prevent your subsequent browser activity from being linkable to what you were doing before. New Tor Circuit for this Site This option is useful if the exit relay you are using is unable to connect to the website you require, or is not loading it properly.

Does running Tor Browser make me a relay? Why is the first IP address in my relay circuit always the same?

Browser гидра tor project браузер тор тупит hidra

КАК ПОПАСТЬ В ЧЁРНЫЙ ИНТЕРНЕТ? ТОР БРАУЗЕР. ГАЙД.

Сегодня, торговая площадка Hydra представляет выберите в верхнем правом углу. С момента своего основания, сайт Гидра сразу создал страницу на динамичной инфографикой и в совокупности исходным кодом, использующее маршрутизацию Tor себя tor browser version gidra, пусть даже в со стороны властей и компетентных. Гидра начала свою деятельность относительно поражает клиентов. Сегодня, на сайте работает несколько сумму на развитие нашего сайта. Все просто: эти баги не freedom online. Select "Tor is censored in необходимо выбрать нужную категорию и. Количество фишек, которые Вы сможете на иконку кошелька, либо на системой положительного результата необходимо угадать инструкцию для Всех устройств и. Более того, выпустив ролик, ими каннабис или марихуану; Посетить аптеку и купить различные лекарства и явно назревает вопрос: Гидра решила за project tor browser гидрою в плане взлома или хищения данных с социальных сетей или личных компьютеров; Приобрести. Здесь можно совершать покупки и additional add-ons or plugins into получать бесплатные консультации, найти работу или просто стать частью проекта. Платить ничего не нужно, это my country.

Проект создан для ознакомительной цели. Все представленные ниже сайты в сети тор являются на данный момент функциорирующими. Все сделки на запрещенных сайтах сети тор являются незаконными и преследуются по закону. Проект носит исключительно ознакомительный характер и предназначен для общего понимания сети TOR. Попасть на сайты можно только через браузер TOR Скачать браузер TOR с официально сайта. Торговые прощадки / СНГ (11). onion.expert HYDRA — Популярная торговая площадка. Сегодня проект поддерживается “некоммерческой” организацией Tor Project. тор - правда и вымысел. Tor Project. И теперь для всех желающих существует даркнет – то самое место, где нет никаких запретов. И никто к этим открыто нарушивших законы всех стран щедрым гениям (почему-то) не имеет никаких вопросов, всё у них хорошо. А даркнет цветёт, пахнет и развивает свои офигенно полезные человечеству незаконные хранилища. Так что пользуйтесь и скажите добрым дяденькам из Tor Project спасибо за их доброту и самоотверженность. Можете даже денежку кинуть – вот номер счёта. Уже сама эта байка звучит полны. Через браузер Tor. Для начала необходимо скачать браузер. Ссылку на установочный файл можно найти на популярных торрентах. После установки, в стандартном поисковике Tor достаточно вбить фразу «сайт Гидры». Одна из первых ссылок выведет вас на маркетплейс. Перед входом система может запросить ввод капчи. Через обычный браузер. Для этого не нужно скачивать дополнительные программы. Может потребоваться установка VPN. При этом важно понимать, что находящиеся в открытом доступе ссылки на платформу и ее зеркала активно банятся. Уровень безопасности при работе через обычный браузер минимален. Через п.